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A review of Heinrich Obersteiner’s 1888 textbook on the central nervous system by the neurologist Sigmund Freud.

Dropped on:June 19, 2012
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Original source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PubMed/21769712?dopt=Abstract

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A review of Heinrich Obersteiner’s 1888 textbook on the central nervous system by the neurologist Sigmund Freud.

Wien Med Wochenschr. 2011 Jun;161(11-12):315-25

Authors: Hatzigiannakoglou PD, Triarhou LC

Abstract
In 1888, the Austrian neuroanatomist Heinrich Obersteiner, founder of Vienna’s Neurological Institute, published his “Introduction to the Study of the Structure of the Central Nervous Organs in Health and Disease”, a fundamental textbook in which he summarised the state-of-the-art knowledge available then on the normal and pathological anatomy of the human nervous system, incorporating many of his original research findings. The book became “the Bible for generations of budding neurologists” worldwide and was crucial for the eventual development of neurology as an independent medical discipline. In his early career as a neuroanatomist, Sigmund Freud wrote a review of Obersteiner’s book for the Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift. That review was not included in the “Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works”. The present article provides an English translation of Freud’s review and further discusses its historical context, especially regarding the influence of Theodor Meynert on his two illustrious students, Freud and Obersteiner.

PMID: 21769712 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

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